Who is the real monster – Victor Frankenstein or his creation?
Mary Shelley wrote the history of Frankenstein in 1816. It gives birth to
many questions about society and people. We are still looking for the answers.
In this essay I will consider who is the real monster - Victor Frankenstein or his
Ever since the doctor’s creation gets alive, the character starts to call him
a monster, devil, demon, etc. This predisposes the reader to accept that the
creation is the monster from the question above. Moreover, its appearance is a
monstrous, especially "his watery eyes". Also he is "more powerful" than
Victor, his "height is superior" to doctor's height, his joins are "more supple".
But the biggest reason to believe the creature is monster are his monster action.
Wanting revenge for his creator, the creature kills his brother and his relatives.
Innocent people are accused for this and soon they are executed. Exactly, the
murder is the monstrous in his image. However, in chapter "A Chance Meeting"
the monster tells Victor: "I was benevolent; my soul glowed with love and
humanity; but am I not alone, miserably alone? You, my creator, abhor me; what
hope can I gather from your fellow creatures, who owe me nothing? They spurn
and hate me". We can see that the reason for its enormity actions is that he feels
lonely and abandoned by its creator, who considered his father. Obviously, he
seeks his attention and affection: "Make me happy, and I shall again be
virtuous". In my opinion, the Frankenstein’s creation is not a monster, because
despite of his terrible appearance and actions, he is not the one to blame for what
he has become.
Victor Frankenstein is natural history scientist. With hard work and anxiety, he
tries to revive dead tissue. Just like the non-humanist Faust, Frankenstein
meddle with God works. This is egoistical. Victor steals body parts he needs by
visit to the graveyard, to the charnel house, to the hospital dissecting room and
the slaughterhouse. It is dishonorable to bother the Dead. However, he manages
to revive his creation. First, it raises excitement in him, even so terrible the
"monster" looks beautiful to him. But as Victor himself says: "The different
accidents of life are not so changeable as the feelings of human nature". Shortly
thereafter, he run away from his creation, while a grin wrinkled the monster's
cheeks. Despite the good intentions of the creature, hiding in his grin, Victor can
not accept that he can feel anything and could want attention and love.
Frankenstein is brave enough to meddle with nature, but too coward to look in
the eyes the ugly creature made by his own hands. He doesn’t even give a name
to the creature and calls him all the time with ugly names like "devil", "vile
insect", "demon" and "abhorred moster". Even after his creation reveals his
feelings, he says: "I will not hear you. There can be no community between you
and me; we are enemies". Although everything in the doctor is monstrous , I
believe that it is not a beast. Doctor Frankenstein creates something that can not
fight, but in general his behavior and actions are dictated by the psyche of
society and that is responsible for Victor’s suffering. In summary we can say
that the characters in "Frankenstein" by Mary Shelley combined in themselves
monster and human, just like people in real life. In some circumstances it
appears that they are monsters who do not deserve to live. In other
circumstances, we see them very close to us, human, deserving a second chance.
This incredible work raises some of the most existential reflections in each of us.
For this it will remain one of the best literary creations of XIX century.