THE TUDOR DYNASTY
Dynasty - a family of kings or other rulers whose parents, grandparents
etc. have ruled the country for many years; a period of time when a particular
family ruled a country or area; a group or family that controls a particular
business or organization for a long time.
Monarchy - the system in which a country is ruled by a king or queen; a
country that is ruled by a king or queen; the monarchy the king or queen of a
country, and his or her family.
Associations of monarchy:
- palace - the official home of a person of very high rank,
especially a king or queen; the Palace especially British English the people
who live in a palace; a large, beautifully decorated house.
- king - a man who rules a country because he is from a royal
family; the king of something someone or something that people think is the
most important or best of a particular type of person or thing; if you live like a
king, feel like a king etc., you are very successful, happy, rich etc.
- queen - the female ruler of a country; the wife of a king; the
queen of something the woman or place that is considered the best in a
particular area or activity.
- prince - the son of a king, queen, or prince; a male ruler of a
small country or state; the prince of something / a prince among
something literary the man who is best at something.
- princess - a close female relation of a king and queen, especially
a daughter; the wife of a prince.
- reign - the period when someone is king, queen, or EMPEROR
reign of; the period when someone is in charge of an organization, team etc.; a
period during which something is the most powerful or most important feature
of a place.
- throne - a special chair used by a king or queen at important
ceremonies; the throne the position and power of being a king or queen.
- kingdom - a country ruled by a king or queen; the animal /
plant / mineral kingdom one of the three parts into which the natural world
is divided; the kingdom of heaven / God also God's kingdom heaven.
- power - the ability or right to control people or events; the
position of having political control of a country or government; the ability to
influence people or give them strong feelings.
- crown - a circle made of gold and decorated with jewels, worn
by kings and queens on their heads; a circle, sometimes made of things such as
leaves or flowers, worn by someone who has won a special honour; the position
of being king or queen; the government of a country such as Britain that is
officially led by a king or queen.
The Tudor dynasty or House of Tudor was an English royal dynasty
that lasted 118 years, beginning in 1485 and is seen as one of the most decisive
periods in English history and consequently for the United Kingdom as a whole
as the dynasty shows the height of powers achieved by its monarchs, most
notably Henry VIII and Elizabeth I. The founder was Henry Tudor, a descendent
of an illegitimate son of John of Gaunt, the second son Duke of Lancaster, the
third son of Edward III through his mother Lady Margaret Beaufort. Henry VII
was also a descendent of Edward I through his great-grandmother, Margaret
Holland, the wife of John Beaufort, the son of John of Gaunt.
Henry allied himself with the Lancastrian King Henry VI of England,
though later pledged allegiance to the Yorkist Edward IV of England after his